1877 saw construction of the first regular telephone line from Boston to Somerville, Massachusetts and the first switchboard in Boston. Early telephones were leased in pairs and subscribers had to put up their own line to connect with another. In 1889 came the first coinoperated pay phone, invented by William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut and installed at the Hartford Bank.By 1900, there were over a million phones in use in the United States and that number increased by fivefold by 1907. Most of the service was by Bell System but soon many other companies sprouted up. Radiobased phone calls across the ocean became available in the late 1920s, but the 70 cost for a three minute call made transatlantic calls unattainable for all but the most wealthy. The development of repeaters boosted electronic signals and helped ease the problem. In 1941 the first touchtone system using tones rather than rotary dial pulses was installed in Baltimore, Maryland, and the first transatlantic telephone cable was laid in 1956. The 1970s saw the introduction of the first cordless phones which later developed into digital cordless phones in 1994.The basic concept behind cellular telephones began in 1947, when researchers looked at simple car phones and realized that the traffic capacity could be substantially increased by using small cells. However, technology was lacking at that time. In 1968, the FCC approved a proposed cellular system by ATT and Bell Labs which would allow for many small broadcast towers which could bounce calls from one location to another. Ericsson of Sweden is often credited with the development of the modern cellular phone in 1979.Since then, the technology behind cell phones has increased exponentially, and currently over 6 billion of the worlds 7 billion people have mobile phone access. More people now have a cell phone than a home phone and it is one of those inventions that most of us take for granted every day. However, we should be thankful for community.spiceworks.com blog post all those who paved the way for us to enjoy convenient communication with others near and far at any time of day or night.Phonerelated organizations include the Telecommunications Industry Association and The Wireless Association, as well as other, more specialized or localized, organizations.The following links include page titles and summaries for reference articles, directory pages, and captioned images about telephones and telecommunications topics.
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